Tag Archives: Medicine

Posts that relate to medicine in some way.

New favorite app: Wake-up


I have Seasonal Affective Disorder which basically means that my mood and energy are significantly affected by the amount of sunlight I receive. I tend to want to go to bed when the sun sets and to get up when it rises. If there are prolonged periods of overcast skies then I become sluggish and I just want to hibernate. Clearly this is not helpful in trying to maintain a modern lifestyle and it is one of the major reasons why I moved away from Seattle. Getting up on time during the winter months has always been a difficulty; the alarm clock sounds, but it’s pitch black and cold so I end up hitting snooze way too many times.

Finally there is a solution: the Wake-up app by Pico-Brothers available for iPhone and iPad (It works best for me on iPad). Basically I put my iPad against the wall and set the alarm. When the time approaches for me to get up the screen gets brighter and brighter. There is also a sound function which I have set to “birds”. Now I don’t have trouble getting up and I can get to the gym before work, a previously unobtainable dream. This app is now a part of my essential apps collection.


New favorite app: GoodRx

Want to save $100s without traveling to Canada or Mexico or buying from shady internet sources? Check out the iPhone App GoodRx! If you don’t have an iPhone, you can access the same free coupons from http://www.goodrx.com/.

This is not a gimmick. I used it myself to purchase a medication from Target that costs over $200 per month for less than $30. It almost felt like stealing. If you want to read more about the company, check out this Huffington Post review.

In a better world

Reproductive choice would be reproductive freedom.

Sex education would be nonjudgemental and complete and contraception would be accessible to everyone.


Pregnant individuals would find support to scale financial hurdles that threaten lives, families and futures.

They would not have difficulty paying for services that align with their decisions and the futures that they envision.


Protesting would focus on the harms committed against living children.

Not on the individuals who find themselves facing difficult decisions.


Kickstarter film: “American Secret: The Circumcision Agenda”


“American Secret” examines the history behind popularizing male infant circumcision in the United States and the economic and cultural incentives responsible for its continued practice. The film pushes back against this rarely questioned cultural norm, which, though ingrained domestically has long since fallen out of favor abroad.

On the face of it, “American Secret” is about circumcision. At core the film is an examination of how memes proliferate, how ideas spread, and how thought patterns take hold. The film also explores questions we rarely ask ourselves, such as how we decide what we’re going to think about, what we’re going to reconsider, what we’re going to resist, and what we aren’t. The film’s overarching questions being: “How do we come to believe what we believe?” and “What role do reason and fact play in establishing or changing our beliefs?”

We do NOT want to cut your beautiful baby boy!

IMG_5505Dear Dr Pate,

I’m a third-year medical student who is strongly considering going into OBGYN. Unfortunately, I’ve been really dismayed to discover how common it is for OBGYN residency programs to require their residents to perform circumcisions. I’ve begun to worry that my moral opposition to circumcision might be incompatible with going into OBGYN. I don’t want to get into a situation where I might be fired if I don’t perform circumcisions because I would rather get fired–and if that’s the case then why go into that field in the first place. I started to google about the topic and your blog was one of the first to come up.

Do you have any advice for a student in my situation? Should I try to seek out OBGYN residency programs that don’t require residents to circumcise? Should I just match into OBGYN and then refuse once I already have the job (can I be fired for that?).


Dear MS3,

Thanks for writing! I find it so refreshing to hear more and more from students, such as yourself, who desire to refrain from performing circumcision. Clearly you are not alone but tradition is deeply engrained in culture and deviation therefrom is considered illogical and threatening. If you are interested in OB/GYN, don’t worry about circumcisions. I wouldn’t even bother mentioning it in your interviews — it falls under the same legal protection as beliefs about abortion.

I encourage you to check out my post — Do medical students have to assist circumcisions? There are links to resources available to you. Hold you head high! Where there is a will there is a way. You don’t have to compromise yourself.

Some will tell you that refraining will limit your career opportunities. It is true that some jobs will try to push you. You can take either approach — put it out there so that potential problems will fall away before you become too invested or discuss it after the fact and assert your rights.

I chose to be proud and loud throughout my process; I stirred controversy and rocked the boat. This did result in expected consequences and more than a few blows to my ego however it was the right path for me. At least one attending physician and another resident refuse to do circumcisions because of my example. And that, for me, made the pain and suffering worth it.

And I have not been pushed aside by all employers as I was warned. One recruiter even told me that I didn’t have a chance landing a job in a major city. I dropped him like a rock. Instead I have joined a phenomenal group practice in a very coveted location just 20 minutes north of Manhattan.

So my advice to you is this: Follow the path that feels right for you and do not fear the obstacles that you will find. Be true to yourself and work hard and your path will continue to unfold before you. Keep your eyes on that path and drop the rocks!

James Pate, MD

My hunt is over

i-love-nyIt’s official, my hunt is over… I have joined a small, single-specialty OB/GYN group in White Plains, NY and will starting in July of this year!

My journey to this trailhead has been long and arduous. I could not have made it without the amazing support of my family and friends. I would especially like to thank my husband, Patrick, for his love and encouragement. I truly could not have navigated this climb without his support. I thank our children for putting up with our limitations theses many long years and for the joy and happiness they bring to our lives. To Dr David and Monk David, thank you for providing me with foundation when my entire world had burned to ash. You will always have a central place in my heart. Mom, Dad, thank you! In spite of our many differences throughout the years you were willing to extend that out-stretched-hand when I needed it most — I would not have been able to scale the massive financial boulders in my path without your generosity. For this I will be forever grateful. Finally, to my wise faculty advisors — Dr Thorp, Dr Terrell and Dr Rauk — you are my mentors, advocates and role models. THANK YOU.

New York, here I come!

Music to my ears

ghirardelli-chocolateToday was the first day someone asked me, “Have you lost weight?” I was shocked, ecstatic and gave her a big hug. I have now lost 20 pounds and am no longer obese (barely, still quite overweight), but how wonderful it is when someone notices! I am very pleased with the MyFitnessPal program I’ve been using. I feel like I have an allowance of 1500 Calories and I can spend them any way I want. I had a beer with dinner and no biggie! I’m still within my budget. MyFitnessPal simply functions like a checkbook where I get a daily allowance; it helps me keep track of how many Calories I have consumed and how many I have left for the day. And if I decide to splurge — like the weekend my partner had his birthday — a couple days may be “in the red” but by watching the rest of the week carefully I can still come in under-budget. I love the flexibility and I feel like it is teaching me the skills I need to make a true “lifestyle” change… it’s not just losing weight, it’s knowing how to eat for the rest of your life so that you can keep it off. Real life, real food, real change.

Some things I have discovered: Coffee with cream and Splenda makes a great mid-morning snack. It curbs my hunger and only has 25 Calories. One of my favorite comfort foods is cereal. You may think it’s healthy but holy Calories! Eating a real serving size (not the 3/4 cup suggestion) has nearly the same amount of Calories as a greasy hamburger! And the amount of comfort it gives me is not worth the Calories it costs. A can of regular pop has about 150 Calories while a bottle of beer has only 170. Hello?! Gimme the beer! Ghirardelli Chocolate Squares have less than 100 Calories each. They are very rich and satisfy my sweet-tooth without eating up too much of my budget. And aside from the Splenda, note that everything I’ve mentioned is NOT diet food. Yet I am still losing weight… My way!

Physician, heal thyself (part 2)

high-fructose-corn-syrupThis is a continuation of my thread Physician, heal thyselfCheck it out: I’ve lost 16 lbs! I only need to lose 3 more pounds to no longer be obese! I am very happy about this though I still have a long way to go before I reach my goal. As I mentioned previously, what I love about the myfitnesspal app is that I can eat wherever and whatever I want — no diet food required. In fact, the only diet product I consume is diet pop for 2 reasons: 1. I don’t want the added Calories and 2. Fructose has multiple negative health ramifications compared to other sugars.

High fructose corn syrup (HFCS) is the traditional sweetener in most carbonated beverages and many other U.S. products thanks in large part to governmental subsidies to corn farmers. Because of these subsidies, HFCS is much cheaper to produce than sucrose, a compound of fructose and glucose commonly known as table sugar, and so the food industry uses it to cut financial costs. But as mentioned, this benefit in production costs is plagued by increased physical costs to the consumer.

In his article, Dietary Fructose and Metabolic Syndrome and Diabetes, Dr John P Bantle reports that there is mounting evidence that fructose does not inhibit appetite as effectively as other sugars and thus may contribute to the increasing prevalence of obesity, diabetes, high cholesterol and metabolic syndrome. It has also been associated with increased risk of gout and kidney stones. He reassures however that “the fructose that occurs naturally in fruits and vegetables provides only a modest amount of dietary fructose and should not be of concern.”

So in summary, all simple sugars like those mentioned above are bad for dieting. However, refined fructose should definitely be avoided for multiple health reasons.

Physician, heal thyself


It’s been quite a while since I posted last, but today it feels like the right thing to do. I’m supposed to be working on a presentation I’m giving on the 11th , but I’m going to take a little break.

So one of my ongoing personal struggles has been my weight. I have struggled with it my entire life and total understand why losing weight is not as easy as skinny people make it sound.

The best shape I was ever in was during my years as a competitive gymnast in junior and senior high school. Though I was quite fit by general standards I was always embarrassed about the stubborn layer of belly fat that I could never lose to show off my ripped abs. After that I went to college and my physique went downhill.

When I finally got fed up with the extra weight I started working out again and trying to eat right. Yet after 2 years of trying I was still above my goal weight. So I joined LA Weight Loss and the weight melted off. Check out how skinny I got in the photo from 2005! After enough people pestered me that I was getting too skinny I stopped the diet and within 6-12 months was heavier than I had been before. I have contemplated doing the LA diet again numerous times but I honestly hated it — I like REAL food, sorry! — so I stayed heavy.

Well, my weight continued to creep up until I was barely able to fit into my 36 inch pants and I could not wait to take them off when I got home from work because they were so uncomfortable. I was too proud to go up another pant size. Check out the muffin top hanging over my pants just a couple months ago. Vanity aside, I am soon to have my 40th birthday and with my family history of diabetes I knew that I needed to make some major changes.

Where to begin?

Obesity in adults is defined as a having a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater than 30. The BMI is a number calculated from your height and weight alone; it does not take into consideration gender, ethnicity, bone density or lean muscle mass. In spite of these limitations the BMI remains the most utilized marker of overall body composition and a good tool to see where you are. You can find out your own BMI using the calculator from the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention).

BMI between
18.5-25 is normal weight
25-30 is overweight
30-40 is obesity
30-35 is class 1 obesity
35-40 is class 2 obesity
40 or more is class 3 obesity
40-50 is morbid obesity
50 or more is super morbid obesity

As I alluded to above, obesity is not just about looks. Rarely a day goes by in clinic that I’m not counseling at least one patient to lose some weight. Studies have shown that the majority of overweight women with irregular menstrual cycles only have to lose 5% of their current body weight to get regular periods again. And that’s a big deal for women who want to become pregnant. Infertility aside, obesity is associated with many medical conditions including heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes and certain types of cancer, some of the leading causes of preventable death.

Though diet books and spokespeople abound and the diet industry rakes in approximately $35 billion a year from U.S. citizens, Americans are on average getting fatter and fatter. According to the CDC over 1/3 of us are obese — not just overweight. My current BMI is 31.7 and places me in this category; thus I also have a higher risk for all of the conditions mentioned above.

So why don’t all us fat people just lose weight? It is certainly not for a lack of trying. You can ask any person with extra pounds and the vast majority of us will tell you that we have tried numerous times to lose weight. In fact, while some of us are successful at losing some weight for a period of time (note my 2005 pic above) 80-90% of dieters fail in our attempts to keep the weight off permanently (my 2012 pic). It is very hard to stick to a special/fad diet to lose weight to begin with and damn near impossible to stay on that diet indefinitely to keep it off.

The easiest way to lose weight and to keep it off for good is to make healthy eating choices and to watch how much you are eating. Several free eating guides are available from the USDA , the CDC and the FDA. But what it all boils down to is Calories and that input equals output.

What is a Calorie?

It is a measure of the heat produced by the combustion of food products. In general, 1 gram of protein or 1 gram of carbohydrate has 4 Calories of energy and 1 gram of fat has 9 Calories. The U.S. Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) is 2000 Calories. Some of us need less, others more. Though we may not think of them as such, people with a low metabolism are like cars with high fuel efficiency. A little fuel goes a long way. People with high metabolism are like gas guzzling trucks; they need lots and lots of fuel throughout the day.

This analogy breaks down when we talk about overeating. If you try to put too much gas into a car the tank will simply overflow. The body of a person who eats too much will convert all those extra Calories into fat. Our bodies make fat to have reserve for when food is not available.

In modern society, low quality foods with high Calories have become remarkably less expensive than their high quality low Calorie counterparts. For example, ramen noodles cost less than $1 per package but have 400 Calories each. On the other hand apples cost $1 to $3 per pound but generally have less than 100 Calories each. So, if you are financially challenged then you are more likely to be fat.

We can try to increase our Caloric needs (decrease our fuel efficiency) through exercise, but exercise can be difficult if you are working long hours and cannot afford a gym membership — running down the road is generally an option only for people who are already in shape and accustomed to inclement weather. Again the cards are stacked against those with less means or with physical limitations.

I mention socioeconomics and other limitations because it is important for people to consider them. Just like the old saying, “Walk a mile in my shoes”.

Now before I continue rambling on, please know that I am speaking for myself and have not been paid nor asked to endorse the product I am about to discuss.

So, knowing that I am “blessed” with remarkable “fuel efficiency” and have difficultly finding time to exercise I knew that I needed to reduce my Calories. And if I was going to make a permanent lifestyle change that I would have to do it with the foods I am already eating, not start another fad diet.

For anyone who has tried it, keeping a food diary and counting Calories is a pain in the ass. It is tedious, time consuming and requires a decent amount of math skills. I had previously bought a Calorie counter pocket book but even that was painful for me — what do I do when I can’t find the food that I’m eating? There had to be another way.


I was looking for a free Calorie counter app on my iphone when I discovered “MyFitnessPal”. If you don’t have a iphone they also have a website. What I love about this app is that it is so easy to use. I don’t have to eat special food and I can almost always find the food I’m eating in its database. I recently ate a Wendy’s Asiago Grilled Chicken Club Sandwich WITH the dressing (570 Calories) and am still losing weight.

Given my gender and activity level, the app tells me that I am supposed to eat 1610 Calories daily if I want to loose 2 pounds per week. If I increase my activity or want to eat more, I simply change the settings and the app recalculates how many Calories I should eat.

Too lazy to look things up? The barcode reader makes it super easy to simply scan the packaging of whatever I’m eating and presto, all the nutrient info is at my fingertips.

What if I eat more or less than the serving size suggestion, like when I eat 3 servings or only 2/3 of a serving? No biggy, the app allows me to make this adjustment and does the math for me.

I must confess that I am still not working out as much as I’d like to be… Working 14-30 hour days in residency just about kills me and I don’t have it in me to do much more than eat, and sit on the couch with my husband for an hour or 2 before going to bed. But if I were, the app has the ability to not only record exercise activities but also to on the spot increase my Calorie budget for the day with the Calories I burn.

I started dieting after Thanksgiving because I seriously ate like a pig and felt like a beached whale for 2 days afterward. I was not going to wait until New Years Eve this year to make my annual resolution. Since then, I have been losing weight on a weekly basis eating exactly what I want, just less than I would have eaten before. I occasionally do feel a little more hungry than I like but often a small healthy snack will tide me over until my next meal. And now that I’m in the groove it is getting easier and easier to stick to the plan. I’ve already lost over 10 pounds! Not that I can see it yet — I still have that annoying muffin top — but my pants are starting to feel looser and that makes me happy.

I was going to do this diet thing all by myself but after thinking more about it I decided that I should share my journey with you. Maybe if you see this physician heal himself, it will inspire you on your own journey. Best wishes to all of you and happy holidays. I’m going to go make myself something to eat!

Related posts

Young women are in danger

I have begun the first rotation of my last year of residency: Pediatric and adolescent gynecology with reproductive endocrinology and infertility. Today when I was reading I came across some sobering statistics regarding young women (see below). As it is Father’s Day, I would like to encourage all parents to take the time to talk with your children as they honor you. Talk to your kids about dangerous activities their peers are definitely participating in. Give them encouragement to swim against the powerful current of peer pressure. Educate them on what to do when various situations arise. Give them information that they can use personally as well as to share with their peers who choose to engage in risky behaviors. Though both of my kids are steadfast in their personal decisions to “wait till marriage” before having sex, they have both been educated all about condoms and birth control and know where to go for more information should they or their peers require it. There are a lot of excellent resources online, links to several of them follow below. Don’t ignore the elephant in the room! Be the “Best Dad in the World” and protect your daughters (and sons) by arming them with education!

Young women, grades 9-12 (2009 CDC data)

Physical danger
–  83% rarely wear bicycle helmets
–  23% have been in a physical fight in the past year
–  8% attempted suicide in the past year
–  8% rarely wear seat-belts

Substance use
–  43% drank alcohol in the post 30 days
–  34% have used marijuana
–  19% currently smoke cigarettes

–  59% are actively trying to lose weight
–  33% think they are overweight
–  24% are actually overweight
–  15% have gone 24+ hours without eating to try to lose weight
–  6% have taken diet substances without doctor supervision
–  5% have intentionally vomited or taken laxatives to lose weight

–  32% watch at least 3 hours of TV every school day
–  30% do not ever participate in physical activity lasting longer than an hour

Sexual activity among young women aged 15-17 years (2006-2008 CDC data)

–  27% have had vaginal intercourse with a male partner
–  21.5% did not use contraception the first time they had intercourse
–  13.1% still do not use contraception though they continue to be sexually active

–  In 2006 there were

–  349,145 new infections with chlamydia
–  246,250 reported pregnancies
–  59,648 new infections with gonorrhea
–  28,388 emergency room visits for sexual assault
–  344 new infections with syphilis
–  185 new infections with HIV/AIDS

Death per 100,000 women aged 15-19 years (2006 CDC data)

–  36.8 all causes
–  18.9 accidents
–  2.9 murder
–  2.8 suicide
–  2.5 cancer

Youth resources

The Birds & Bees Project provides comprehensive reproductive health information to youth and adults. The message in all materials is positive, respectful, developmentally appropriate, and aims to compliment the education and values that people receive from their families and communities.

Born This Way Foundation is building a braver, kinder world that celebrates individuality and empowers young people.

Center for Young Women’s Health provides education, clinical care, research, and health care advocacy for teen girls and young women.

girlshealth.gov was created by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ (DHHS) Office on Women’s Health (OWH) to help girls (ages 10 to 16) learn about health, growing up, and issues they may face.

Girls Incorporated inspires all girls to be strong, smart and bold through a network of local organizations in the United States and Canada.

Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network (GLSEN) is the leading national education organization focused on ensuring safe schools for all students.

I wanna know! offers information on sexual health for for teens and young adults. This is where you will find the facts, the support, and the resources to answer your questions, find referrals, and get access to in-depth information about sexual health, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), healthy relationships, and more.

It Gets Better Project is an inspiring collection of over 10,000 user-created videos from around the world that was created to show young LGBT people the levels of happiness, potential, and positivity their lives will reach – if they can just get through their teen years. The It Gets Better Project wants to remind teenagers in the LGBT community that they are not alone — and it WILL get better.

National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 800-273-TALK (8255) is a 24-hour, toll-free, confidential suicide prevention hotline available to anyone in suicidal crisis or emotional distress.

Planned Parenthood: Info for teens provides information about STD testing, pregnancy tests, sexual orientation and more. You can even chat live with a trained counselor.

The Trevor Project at 866-4-U-TREVOR (866-488-7386) is a 24 hour help line that is available to anyone who needs a listening ear.